Wajiz Fi Ushul Fiqh Pdf 371
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Al-Wajiz Fi Usul Fiqh: A Comprehensive Guide to Islamic Jurisprudence
Al-Wajiz Fi Usul Fiqh is a book written by Dr. Abdul Karim Zaidan, a renowned scholar of Islamic law and theology. The book aims to provide a concise and clear introduction to the principles and sources of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh), which is the science of deriving legal rulings from the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
The book covers various topics such as the definition and objectives of fiqh, the classification and interpretation of legal evidences, the methods and rules of analogy and deduction, the types and categories of legal rulings, the abrogation and specification of legal texts, the consensus and disagreement of jurists, and the role and responsibility of individual reasoning (ijtihad) in contemporary issues.
The book is divided into four chapters, each containing several sections and subsections. The book also includes an introduction, a conclusion, a glossary of terms, and a bibliography. The book is written in Arabic, but it has been translated into several languages, such as Urdu[^2^], English[^1^], and Indonesian.
Al-Wajiz Fi Usul Fiqh is a valuable resource for students and scholars of Islamic law, as well as for anyone who wants to learn more about the foundations and applications of fiqh in Islam. The book is available in PDF format online[^1^] [^2^] [^3^], or it can be purchased from various bookstores.
One of the main features of Al-Wajiz Fi Usul Fiqh is its simplicity and clarity of expression. The author uses easy and accessible language, avoiding technical jargon and complex terminology. He also provides examples and illustrations to explain the concepts and rules of fiqh. He also cites relevant verses from the Quran and hadiths from the Sunnah to support his arguments and opinions.
Another feature of Al-Wajiz Fi Usul Fiqh is its comprehensiveness and depth of coverage. The author covers all the major topics and issues related to fiqh, without omitting or neglecting any important aspect. He also discusses the opinions and views of different schools of thought and jurists, highlighting their similarities and differences. He also addresses some of the contemporary challenges and questions that face Muslims today, such as the role of ijtihad, the use of modern technology, and the interaction with other cultures and religions.
A third feature of Al-Wajiz Fi Usul Fiqh is its objectivity and balance. The author does not favor or prefer any particular school or opinion over another, but rather presents them fairly and impartially. He also acknowledges the strengths and weaknesses of each position, and respects the diversity and plurality of opinions within the Islamic tradition. He also encourages the readers to use their own reasoning and judgment, based on the Quran and the Sunnah, to reach their own conclusions and decisions.
Chapter One: The Definition and Objectives of Fiqh
In this chapter, the author defines fiqh as the science of deriving legal rulings from the Quran and the Sunnah, and explains its importance and necessity for Muslims. He also discusses the objectives and purposes of fiqh, which are to protect and promote the interests and welfare of humans in this life and the hereafter. He also outlines the main sources and evidences of fiqh, which are the Quran, the Sunnah, the consensus (ijma), and the analogy (qiyas).
The Quran is the primary and most authoritative source of fiqh, as it is the word of Allah revealed to His final messenger, Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Quran contains general and specific commands and prohibitions, principles and guidelines, stories and parables, that regulate the beliefs and actions of Muslims. The Quran also provides the criteria and standards for judging between right and wrong, truth and falsehood, good and evil.
The Sunnah is the second source of fiqh, as it is the sayings, actions, and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), who was sent by Allah as a model and example for Muslims to follow. The Sunnah explains and clarifies the Quran, provides details and specifications for its general rulings, supplements and complements its teachings, and abrogates or specifies some of its verses.
The Consensus (Ijma)
The consensus (ijma) is the third source of fiqh, as it is the agreement of the scholars and jurists of Islam on a legal issue that is not explicitly stated in the Quran or the Sunnah. The consensus is based on the assumption that Allah would not allow His ummah (community) to agree on an error or a deviation from His guidance. The consensus also reflects the collective wisdom and understanding of the scholars who have studied and mastered the Quran and the Sunnah.
The Analogy (Qiyas)
The analogy (qiyas) is the fourth source of fiqh, as it is the process of applying a known ruling from the Quran or the Sunnah to a new case that has a similar cause or reason. The analogy is based on the principle that Allah's rulings are consistent and coherent, and that He does not legislate arbitrarily or randomly. The analogy also enables the scholars to deal with new situations and issues that arise with changing times and circumstances. 061ffe29dd